The 1960s was a decade of social and cultural change greater than any period since the “Roaring ‘20s.” Millions of postwar baby boomers became teenagers and young adults in the 1960s. Many young people in this generation challenged the traditional values of earlier generations. Those in this counterculture promoted individuality and challenged authority. Many experimented with new ideas about music, clothes, drugs, and personal relationships.
By 1968, public opinion was sharply divided over U.S. involvement in the Vietnam War. The assassinations in 1968 of Martin Luther King, Jr. and Senator Robert Kennedy also increased tensions in the nation. Antiwar protesters marched on Washington, D.C. in 1969 to demand an end to the war. In 1970, many college campuses erupted in protest. College students staged demonstrations and displayed their resistance to the draft. Protests and riots on the Ohio State campus began on April 29, 1970 and continued until the University shut down on May 6. Two days before the shutdown at Ohio State, five students at Kent State University were killed by National Guardsman during Vietnam War protests.
Ohio's New Learning Standards: K-12 Social Studies
American History Content Statement 28: Following World War II, the United States experienced a struggle for racial and gender equality and the extension of civil rights.
American History Content Statement 31: Political debates focused on the extent of the role of government in the economy, environmental protection, social welfare and national security.